6 year Program – PreMedical Studies
PreMedical Studies provides the basis of biological knowledge required to continue the pursuance of a Medical Degree. This includes instruction in basic courses pertaining topics in biology, chemistry and scientific method.
Students are required to solidify knowledge in these areas of instruction; ensuring a student’s ability to comprehend scientific studies on a basic level, and providing a foundation for further studies involving in-depth academia.
Biological studies introduce concepts of organic material and its contribution to the function of life. This includes understanding of mechanisms of inheritance via DNA, different modes of reproduction in various classifications of life, and fundamental differences between eukaryotes and prokaryotes in life cycle and metabolism. With this understanding students will be able to apply basic principles to more complicated systems of interaction and manipulation. Metabolism and functional characteristics of eukaryotes will exemplify basic shared mechanisms among living beings and provide a firm basis for acquisition of physiology in the following years of study. The mechanisms of eukaryotic metabolism will be paralleled by study of prokaryotic functioning (in microbiology), and understanding of interactions between the two types of life in terms of differences and similarities can be exploited in the more advanced studies in following years.
Chemistry introduces students to the molecular mechanisms and behaviors of atoms, molecules, and inter/intra-molecular interactions. This is the basis of metabolism, and therefore of life. It is impertinent for students to have a firm understanding of these mechanisms, manipulation, and characteristics, as they are an essential factor in the study of medicine. Students will be challenged with laboratory work as per scientific method, and will be required to compose laboratory reports for in-class experiments and will be assessed on ability to observe fundamentals in chemical nature.
Ethics compose a very prominent portion of the global society. For this reason, at American Northwest University ethical studies are explored from an early period within the provided education, as it an essential attribute to the study of medicine per treatment of respect of any patient. Here, ethical dilemmas will be discussed and presented to students to strengthen the moral fiber of our future Medical Doctors.
The latter portion of our PreMedical Studies program is preparation for students to continue with their Basic Medical Sciences. Students will be introduced to human anatomy and human physiology in a manner that extends upon their newly acquired basis in premedical studies. Here students will learn about the basics of human life and interactions of different elements of our nature in a structural and functional manner. This includes perspectives from a gross point of view (anatomy), a microscopic point of view (histology), and chemical nature involving both micro and macro aspects of interactions (physiology and immunology). Students who excel in these areas of study are primed for success in our Basic Medical Sciences and clinical rotations in health institutions.
Students that are applying to ANU directly from high school are required to enroll in the PreMedical Studies before continuing with Basic Medical Sciences. Students that are applying from another institution, and have evidence of completion of a number of or all the courses listed in the PreMedical Studies program, are subject to ANU evaluation and may be eligible for credit transfers or direct advancement to the Basic Medical Sciences.
Further information regarding this process can be acquired at our department for Admission’s Office
Pre Medical Studies
(only necessary for students applying directly from secondary school)
Two years of in-classroom lecture and laboratories.Students are required to complete:
- Human Genetics
- Organic Chemistry
- Introduction to Histology and Cell Biology
- Introduction to Anatomy
- Introduction to Physiology
- Basic Microbiology and Immunology
- Histology and Embryology
Students are required to select from the following electives in the pre-medical program:
- Introduction to Medical Research
- Medical Communication
- Introduction to Medicine
- Geographical Information Systems in Medicine
- Basics of Clinical Practice
- Health Psychology
6 year Program – Basic Medical Studies
This portion of our MD Program extends upon our PreMedical Studies and explores normal human biology and chemistry in comparison to pathological states of disease. Basic Medical Sciences is where students will learn the differences in our nature when attributed to any disease process. In essence, students will continue their education as Medical Students.
This two-year portion of the program builds on basic knowledge in science, exposing students to in-class and laboratory aspects of normal and diseased human function. A core component of the Basic Medical Sciences is Human Anatomy, which teaches students in-detail structure of humans from the gross perspective. Students are required to have a fundamental understanding of landmarks of human anatomy and relationships between given structures of the body. Another pillar of the Basic Medical Sciences is Physiology. It is pertinent for students to understand the functions and controls of various processes in the human body, as there are important and prominent changes in diseased-states. Students will understand normal cellular function, signaling between various cells/tissues/organs/systems and functional responsibilities of the cells/tissues/organs/systems in human life.
Clinical Microbiology explains to students how various pathogens can offend normal human anatomy and physiology, and the characteristic diseases they result in. This is the basis for further studies in Infectious Disease and Pathology. Understanding of microbiological processes and interactions with the human body and how manifestations may occur are essential aids in diagnosis of certain ailments.
Non-invasive investigation is an important factor in patient assessment, and one of these modes of investigation pertains to Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. Here, students will learn the basics of how tools in radiology can be used to investigate human disease processes. Also, students will be exposed to case studies/reports that will teach them how to interpret images on their own, coming to conclusions about differential diagnoses and plans of management.
Pathology and Pathophysiology describe to students the changes in gross, microscopic and functional aspects of the human disease. Students will learn to identify various disease processes and classify them in various methods, as well as learning management plans for healing. These pillars of the Medical Program compare states of human cells/tissues/organs/systems during disease with regards to normality (anatomy and physiology) and are essential for identification and classification. Without being able to identify a disease process, it is not possible to treat.
Pharmacology teaches students the basics of compounds used to treat various ailments. Here, students will be instructed as to complex pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of different classes of drugs and compounds, along with adverse effects, dosing, and management of overdoses. These aspects of medicine are essential for treatment of patients in an appropriate manner.
Towards the end of our Basic Medical Sciences, students are subject to patient exposure in the History & Physical. Students will learn how to take a detailed history of the patient, including Chief Complaint, History of the Present Illness, Past Medical History, Allergies, Medication List, Social History, Family History of Illness and a Review of Systems. This subjective assessment of patient status from the patient themselves usually provides essential clues as to the disease process in question. Additionally, students learn an objective component to patient interaction. This includes a detailed physical examination with inspection, palpation and auscultation to assess various systems in the patient. Together, subjective and objective components provide clues that indicate the disease process in question or indicate a direction of focused of further investigation. Therefore, at American Northwest University, the History & Physical segment of the MD Program is a weight-bearing pillar of education that we deliver special focus to. In order to educate quality Medical Doctors, it is necessary to provide extensive and in-detail instruction as to these subjective and objective assessments. This provides an unmovable base in practice and patient interaction required of further clinical studies in our Clinical Rotations in Bosnia & Herzegovina or Clinical Rotations in the USA.
Basic Medical Sciences
Two years of in-classroom lecture and laboratories with instruction of more in-depth medical topics.
Students are required to complete:
- Human Anatomy
- Clinical Microbiology
- Clinical Genetics
- Radiology with Nuclear Medicine
- Pharmacology and Toxicology
- Clinical Toxicology
- Chosen Topics in Physiology
- History and Physical Examination